Untitled Document

Advice of Scholars - SADAQA-I FITR

All of the following information was translated originally from Durr-ul-mukhtâr, and from Ibni Âbidîn’s Radd-ul-mukhtâr, which is an explanation of the former:

By the first light of the morning of the first day of ’Iyd of Ramadân, to give the Fitra becomes wâjib for every free Muslim who has property or money as much as the amount of nisâb in addition to his indispensable possessions and debts. It does not become wâjib before or after that time. The property that is to be included in the calculation of nisâb for fitra and Qurbân does not necessarily have to be intended for trade, nor does one have to have had it for one year. The condition is that one should have property as much as the amount of nisâb by the time morning prayer becomes performable on the first day of ’Iyd.

Giving the fitra is not wâjib for a person who receives the amount of nisâb or who is born, or becomes a Muslim after that moment. It is necessary also for the safarî (traveller) to give the fitra. It is also permissible to give it during Ramadân-i-sherîf, before Ramadân, or after the ’Iyd. Furthermore, if a person died before giving the fitra, zakât, kaffârat or something he vowed, and if he did not will it in his last request that it must be given, it is permissible for one of his inheritors to give it to the poor out of his own property, [not necessarily out of the dead person’s property]. But the inheritor does not have to give it. If he willed that it must be given, it is necessary to give it out of a third of the property he has left behind. His will is not executed if he has not left property. There will be more blessings if the fitra is given before the ’Iyd prayer. It cannot be given before Ramadân in Shâfi’î Madhhab and before ’Iyd in the Madhâhib of Mâlikî and Hanbalî.